What is a Mala ?
A mala is a set of beads that has traditionally been used in prayer and meditation by Buddhist - a set of prayer beads - much like a Catholic Rosary.
In Tibetan Buddhism, malas are mainly used to count mantras. These mantras can be recited for different purposes linked to working with mind. The material used to make the beads can vary according to the purpose of the mantras used. Some beads can be used for all purposes and all kinds of mantras.
Mantras and chants are typically repeated hundreds or even thousands of times. The Mala is used so that one can focus on the meaning or sound of the mantra rather than counting its repetitions. One repetition is usually said for each bead while turning the thumb clockwise around each bead, though some traditions or practices may call for counterclockwise motion or specific hand and finger usage. When arriving at the Guru bead, both Hindus and Tibetan Buddhists traditionally turn the mala around and then go back in the opposing direction. Other traditions emphasize that this is not important.
Within the Buddhist tradition, this repetition of the beads serves to remind practitioners of the teaching that it is possible to break the cycle of birth and death.